How to cure Burns
Damage caused to the skin as a result of heat, electricity or chemical substances is known as burns. Burns are generally not serious. Various herbal ointments and components of vitamins and minerals could help cure burns. Burns generally cause in home due to our carelessness. They are classified into three kinds namely first, second and third degree burns. First degree burns damage the outer skin alone and these are caused due to exposure to sun, second degree burns affect the underlying layer of the skin causing further damage. Third degree burns is a serious condition where the skins, muscles, nerves, blood vessels and in extreme cases even the bones get damaged. This requires emergency medication and it requires a treatment called skin grafting to aid recovery and minimize scarring.
- Burns are mainly caused due to exposure to sun, coming into contact with hot oil, hot food stuffs, certain chemical substances etc.,
- Serious cases are the result of fire, hazardous chemical substances and steam.
- Other form of burns where the skin damage is minimal but they cause internal injuries is due to electrical burns, which are caused due to coming into contact with faulty or uninsulated wires.
- No blisters but very serious swelling.
- There won’t be any pain, as the nerves may be damaged.
- Charred skin.
- In certain cases red or white skin.
- Aloe vera gel – Apply to the affected skin as required.
- Calendula – Apply cream to the burns. Cream must contain 2% calendula. Do not use if you are allergic to daisy flowers.
- Gotu kola – 200mg extract or 400-500mg crude herb twice a day. Extract must contain 10% asiaticosides.
- Vitamin A – 50 000 IU a day with food for not more than 10 days. It is advised to take 30mg zinc along with the dose per day. If pregnant or considering pregnancy, only 2500 IU of vitamin A must be consumed a day.
- Vitamin C – 1000mg 3 times a day till the burns get healed. Reduce the dosage if diarrhoea develops.
- Vitamin E – 500 IU a day with food until burns get healed. It actually prevents scarring.
- Zinc – 30 mg a day. Researches say that more than 150mg zinc should not be consumed by humans per day.
- Chamomile – It is an herb which must be mixed with tea under hot condition and the tea soaked cloth must be applied to the burn for about 15 minutes.
- Echinacea – 200mg 3 times a day. It must be standardised contain 3.5% echinacosides.
- Avoid bathing in hot water if you have burns.
- Drink a lot of water while your skin is healing.
- Clean the burns with water gently without breaking blisters if any.
- It is advised to use sterile gauze dressings to keep burn dry and as a protection against dirt and bacteria.
HAVE YOU HEARD?
In olden days it is believed that people use butter to cure burns, but don’t use it because butter has a tendency to trap the heat, thus slowing down the healing process resulting in further infection.