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Anaemia – Causes and Treatment

The pigment in the blood that carries oxygen which is known as haemoglobin is main cause for anaemia, the deficiency of haemoglobin results in anaemia. Due to this deficiency, the cells in the human body don’t get enough to survive and be active all the time around, thus resulting in fatigue and weakness. The symptoms of anaemia may be mild or even in some case may not appear but it is life-threatening, if this is left unnoticed and undiagnosed. It is very much necessary for you to consult your doctor if you feel you are anaemic to know the underlying cause. Treatment may differ from person to person based upon the diagnosis.

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anaemic person

Peripheral blood film of a patient with iron deficiency


  • The main cause for anaemia is iron deficiency; researches say that it affects 2 to 5% of Australian adults.
  • Actually anaemia results due to gradual and over the time, blood loss which depletes the iron reserves of the body.
  • Haemoglobin is a pigment that contains iron, without enough iron, the amount of haemoglobin content in the blood falls down.
  • Mainly in case of women, whose menstrual cycle periods are heavy, are prone to iron-deficiency thus resulting in anaemia.
  • Both men and women can acquire this problem such as haemorrhoids, ulcers, stomach or colon cancer, long usage of various drugs like aspirin.
  • Anaemia may also result due to the lack of vitamin B12, which is less common; known as pernicious anaemia. Vitamin B12 and folic acid are essential for red blood cell production.
  • Mainly diet plays a major role for the cause of anaemia.
  • Smokers, alcoholics, people with digestive disorders, pregnant women and vegetarians are the people most likely to be at risk because of poor nutrition.
  • Various other forms of anaemia may be chronic namely cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, hereditary disorders such as sickle-cell anaemia, various radiations and chemicals.


  • Weakness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Dizziness.
  • Mental confusion.
  • Paleness.
  • Palpitations.
  • Sore tongue or mouth.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unusual bleeding.
  • Nausea.
  • Numbness.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Tingling of feet or legs.


  • Iron – 30mg 3 times a day with food. Your doctor may prescribe a higher dosage.
  • Vitamin C – 500mg 3 times a day. Take with meals to enhance iron absorption from foods.
  • Vitamin B12 / Folic acid – 1000mcg B12 and 400mcg folic acid in sublingual form twice a day for 1 month. Always take B12 and folic acid together. If still anaemic after oral B12 supplements, you may need B12 injections.
  • Yellow dock – 1000mg each morning. Or take ½ tsp tincture twice a day.
  • Dandelion – 1tsp fresh juice or tincture with water twice a day. Take with yellow dock to enhance iron absorption.


  • Eat foods rich in iron, folic acid and vitamin B12.
  • Various iron rich food items include shellfish, nuts, dried fruits, red meat, liver, dried beans etc.,
  • Various folic acid rich food stuffs are asparagus, mushrooms, spinach, wheat germ etc.
  • Liver, shellfish. Lamb, fish, eggs and beef are also rich in vitamin B12.


Various researches say that people of the age above 50 are less able than younger people to absorb vitamin B12 and thus those people are more susceptible to anaemia and also to nerve damage.

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