It is a natural response of the body against viral or bacterial infections; usually it is not dangerous and helps in keeping the body fit.
Normal – 98.0 degree F
Fever – 99.4 degree F
High fever – 104.4 degree F
Thermometer to measure body temperature
Normal – 98.6 degree F
Fever – 100.0 degree F
High fever – 105.0 degree F
CURING WITHOUT MEDICINES:
- If the child is having fever but he is playful, eating and drinking then he may not need any medicine.
- Dress up the child with lightweight clothes or even remove the dresses so as to allow loss of heat through the skin.
- If the child is shivering or feeling cold, a lightweight blanket can be used.
- Try to keep your child quiet as increase in activity may cause temperature rise.
- Child must be made to drink lots of water, juices or whatever he/she likes.
CURING WITH MEDICINES:
- Medicines are required only to reduce fever so as to make the child feel comfortable.
- Paracetamol i.e., acetaminophen can be given every 4 hours. For dosage check the bottle.
- Doctor may advise to give nimesulide or ibuprofen. The dosage differs from different doctors.
- Aspirin should not be used strictly for fever. It can only be used for a serious disorder known as Reye’s syndrome.
- It is advisable to give medication to your child for fever only if he/she shows the symptoms of fever.
- Child may be given a sponge bath with lukewarm water and not cold water, only if fever is higher than 104 degree F or when fever doesn’t decrease even 30-60 minutes after medication.
- Do not use rubbing alcohol for baths or sponging.
- Alcohol causes alcohol poisoning, as it can cool the body too quickly and can get absorbed through the skin.
WHEN TO CALL THE DOCTOR?
- If baby is less than 6 months of age and has a temperature of 101 degree F or high.
- If child’s fever is 104 degree F or higher.
- If child has other signs of illness like vomiting, loss of appetite or playfulness.