Many million people today live in sub-standard homes all over the world and hundred millions of people today live in open, especially under bridges, sewers and streets. Healthy home does not have to be expensive. About 2/3 of person’s life is spent at home. 80% of all the diseases are related to poor home environment.
CRITERION FOR HEALTHY HOME:
SELECTION OF GOOD LAND:
The land should be 100metres away from stagnation water and refuse dump and thus it must allow rain water and waste water to drain away.
QUALTY OF HOME:
The building should meet the health requirements. There must not be leaking roofs, cracked walls and earthen floor which would certainly become breeding place for insects.
There must be sufficient space for all the people. This is of at most importance as there must be free flow of air inside the home providing good health to everybody in the home.
Proper ventilation is a must to keep the place dry and clean from smoke and dusts, which may lead to allergies. Children and old people are the ones worst affected.
Animals like dog, cats, chicken, pigs and goats should not share the living space with the people.
Frequent accidents at home are burns. This must be avoided and children must be kept away. For various curing techniques for home accidents check our articles.
SAFE DISPOSAL OF WASTE:
Excreta and waste materials should be disposed properly. These are the main source for various diseases.
Refuse and waste water must be disposed properly, if not disposed properly they will become breeding ground for various disease vectors.
Water used for drinking, washing, cooking, bathing and cleaning must be clean and safer. Contamination of water may lead to disease vectors. Most of the diseases are caused due to unsafe water.
Cleanliness should be maintained in the kitchen and people must consume food only after washing their hands properly.
Water, soaps, towels, kerchiefs and brushes are simple items to maintain self hygiene.
The food we take must be rich in nutrition. Malnutrition is a major problem in rural areas.