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Glandular fever

Glandular fever (or Infectious mononucleosis) is a viral infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus. It is also commonly known as Kissing disease. It is more common among men under thirty and it is often misdiagnosed merely as fatigue. This viral disease affects certain blood cells and there is an increase in mononuclear cells when the person gets affected. Let’s see the causes, symptoms and treatment for glandular fever.

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glandular-fever

Fever - Take Rest

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Causes

  • It’s a viral infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Also caused by Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Rubella (German measles).
  • Glandular fever spreads through the saliva of infected person.
  • It mainly affects during childhood due to lesser immunity strength.

Symptoms

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits and groin
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Swelling around eyes
  • Headache
  • Blocked nose
  • General tiredness
  • Muscle Pain
  • Sometimes an enlarged, tender spleen
  • Red rashes may appear in some cases

Treatment

  • Antibiotics are not effective in treating glandular fever. Actually speaking, there is no cure for glandular fever as such. Only rest and healthy eating can cure and it might take up to a month to get cleared up completely.
  • The symptoms are flu-like and so if it’s flu it will get cleared after a week’s rest but if glandular fever then the symptoms may continue.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids prevent your body from getting dehydrated during fever.
  • Taking painkillers such as ibuprofen helps in reducing the pain and bringing down fever. However children below 16 should not take aspirin.
  • If you have intense sore throat chew cloves to get quick relief. Taking plenty of hot water also helps in relieving sore throat.
  • Add tulsi leaves and black pepper powder to a small cup of hot water and drink it. It is effective in curing fever. You can do this daily till you get completely cured.
  • When you are suffering from fever avoid processed foods and consume more protein rich foods as it boosts your immune system.

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