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Stye – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

CAUSES:

  • Stye is mainly caused due to bacteria known as Staphylococcus which moves from the skin of eyelid to eyelash follicles.
  • Chronic conditions of Blepharitis may also lead to stye.
  • Other causes include diabetes, dandruff, high serum liquids secreted by Meibomian glands and even due to previous occurrence of styes.

SYMPTOMS:

  • Hordeolum is red and painful.
  • Watery discharge.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • At the same time, a person can have more than one stye.
  • They appear similar to that of a pimple filled with pus.
Stye

Stye

PREVENTION:

  • Good personal hygiene is very essential in the prevention of stye.
  • Frequent washing of hands and fingers before touching the eyelids
  • To prevent infection, wash eyes every morning so as to remove the excess oil discharge accumulated overnight.

TREATMENT:

  • Allow the hordeolum to drain the pus on its own and do not try to squeeze it.
  • Antibiotic cream must be applied to the stye if it does not disappear or when it recurs and this condition may be due to an underlying bacterial infection.

HYGIENIC TREATMENT:

  • Moisten a washcloth using warm water and apply it on one eyelid by closing the other eye.
  • Repeat the same for the other eye, but by using another facecloth.
  • Never use the same cloth.
  • Apply it for 5minutes per eye for at least 4 times a day to relieve the pain and to drain the pus.
  • If the hordeolum is larger in size, the doctor may advice lancing in order to drain the fluid and prevent infection.
Closed eye showing stye

Closed eye showing stye

NOTE:

  • The infection can be diagnosed based upon the appearance of the skin.
  • In general cases, it usually drains its pus and gets cured of its own after few days.
  • In peculiar cases they may not heal forming a grainy tissue known as chalazion.
  • Chalazion forms when the Meibomian gland in the eyelid gets inflamed and later blocked.

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