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Tonsillitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

CAUSES:

  • Tonsils that are responsible for filtering germs from the throat before they cause infection to the throat get infected, thus leading to tonsillitis.
  • It is mainly caused due to viruses and a special type of bacteria called Streptococcus bacteria.
  • Inflammations are caused due to infection.
  • Tonsillitis is very common in children.
  • Recurrent tonsillitis may lead to various complications like breathing difficulty, middle ear infections and other infections.
  • In this case of recurrent tonsillitis, to remove the tonsils surgery is recommended.

SYMPTOMS:

  • Sore throats.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Aches.
  • Increase in temperatures.
  • Chills.
  • Bad breath.
  • Swollen glands in neck.
  • Laryngitis.
  • Tonsils may be red, swollen, covered with white specks or a yellow or white coloured coating.
  • Lymph nodes in neck may become swollen and become painful when touched.

PREVENTION:

  • Personal hygiene is very important, thus wash hands regularly.
  • Avoid contact with the people who have upper respiratory infections.
Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis

TREATMENT:

  • Treating tonsillitis is based on the causes.
  • If it is caused due to virus, then it is necessary to relieve the symptoms till the infection clears of its own.
  • If it is caused due to Streptococcus bacteria then antibiotics are used to cure the inflammation.
  • Antibiotics are needed to cure the infection caused due to bacteria and their complications.
  • To ease pain and reduce fever, various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.
  • To relieve throat pain, throat lozenges can be used.
  • To soothe the pain caused due to tonsillitis, mixture of garlic, salt and either hot or cold water can be consumed.
  • Consuming soft foods will help in avoiding throat irritation and also aggravating the symptoms.
  • Various homeopathic tablets that are made from different constituents like American poke weed (Phytolacca Americana), lignum vitae (Guajaum officinale) and paprika (Capsicum annum) help in relieving the tonsillitis symptoms.

SURGERY:

  • Recurring tonsillitis is cured only with the help of surgical removal of the tonsils; the technique is shortly termed as tonsillectomy.
  • Tonsillectomy is also performed when tonsillitis causes other complications like breathing difficulty, difficulty in swallowing, recurrent middle ear infections and abscesses on the tonsils.
  • It is necessary to know that the surgery reduces the number of throat infections and does not totally eliminate it.

NOTE:

  • Tonsillitis mainly affects children between ages 5 to 10 and in people who are exposed to Streptococcus bacteria and in people who have recurring upper respiratory infections.
  • A doctor diagnoses tonsillitis based upon the symptoms and the occurrence of tonsils.
  • Tonsillitis whether it is caused by Streptococcus bacteria or another bacterium can be determined by having a clear examination of a culture of cells from tonsils.

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