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Bulimia – Symptoms, Treatments and Effects

Bulimia involves eating of large amounts of food, often in secret and after that the person tries to get rid of those calories through vomiting and over exercising.

bulmina nervosa

SYMPTOMS:

  • Repeated alternating episodes of bingeing and purging.
  • Feeling out of control and eating beyond the limit.
  • Frequent dieting.
  • Evidence of binge – eating large amounts of food including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time.
  • Purging behaviour which includes frequent trips to bathroom after meals or signs of vomiting.
  • Excessive exercise despite weather, fatigue and illness in order to burn off calories.
  • Unusual swelling of jaws or cheeks.
  • Calluses on the back of the hands and knuckles as a result of self-induced vomiting.
  • Discoloration or staining of teeth.
  • Creating complex lifestyle schedules.
  • Withdrawal from friends and other usual activities.


TREATMENTS:

  • Psychotherapy and various drugs are used for treating this disease.
  • The treatments are still under early research stages.
  • Various drugs that are used by researchers in treating this disorder include phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproic acid.

EFFECTS:

Bulimia mainly affects the digestive system and lead to chemical imbalances in the body. They also affect heart and other organ functions. In certain cases, it may lead to –

  • Gastric ruptures.
  • Oesophagus inflammation due to vomiting.
  • Tooth decay and staining due to stomach acid.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Peptic ulcers.
  • Chronic irregular bowel movements.
  • Constipation.
  • Dehydration.

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