Constipation is uncomfortable and can be painful. Various measures to limit the effects of constipation. Mainly it is suggested to take plenty of fiber and fluids accompanied by regular exercise. Generally the bowel movements vary from person to person but typically if a person passes hard stool for more than three times a week, then the person is constipated.
- Lack of fiber and fluids in the diet.
- Insufficient exercise.
- Medical disorders like bowel syndrome, diabetes, high blood calcium levels.
- A sluggish thyroid or colon cancer.
- Overuse of laxatives or certain antacids can impair bowel activity.
- Certain medications which include drugs for high blood pressure, antidepressants and narcotic pain relievers also cause constipation.
- Infrequent bowel movements.
- Swelling of the abdomen.
- Hard and dry stools causing pain and difficulty when passing.
- Vitamin C – 1000mg 3 times a day. The dosage can be increased up to a daily total of 5000mg until bowel movements become regular.
- Magnesium – 400 to 800mg a day as required with food. Avoid magnesium if you have kidney related diseases.
- Psyllium – 1 to 3tbsp powder a day dissolved in water or juice. Instead take 1 to 3tbsp ground flaxseeds or 2tsp ground fenugreek seeds. Drink 10 glasses of water a day for these to work.
- Prune – Drink ½ cup juice or eat 3 or 4 prunes each morning daily.
- Dandelion root – As tea, 1 cup tea 3 times a day. Use 1tsp dried root per cup of hot water.
- Cascara sagrada – 100mg at bedtime. It must be standardised to contain 8% hydroxyanthracene derivatives.
- It is advised to consume foods high in fiber which include raw fruits, vegetables, whole grain, bran and dried beans.
- Drink at least 10 glasses of water or juice a day.
- Exercise regularly.
- Go to bathroom as soon as the urge strikes.