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Breast Cancer – Factors and Remedies

The mortality rate is at the same rate, thus it can be known that earlier detection and improvement in management of breast cancer is aware amongst many people.

RISK FACTORS:

HIGH DEGREE:

  • People above the age of 65.
  • Prior invasive (in situ) carcinoma.
  • Family history of few close relatives with breast cancer.
  • Typical hyperplasia on prior breast biopsy.
  • People born in North America and Northern Europe are more prone to get this disease.

MODERATE RISK FACTOR:

  • Family history of first degree relative having breast cancer.
  • Nulliparity.
  • Obesity.
  • Prior radiation to the thorax.
  • History of prior ovarian or endometrian cancer.
  • Mammographic pattern of dysplasia and prominent ductal tissue.

LOW DEGREE:

  • Alcoholism.
  • Early menarche.
  • Late menopause.
Mammogram showing normal breast in the left and a breast cancer in the right

Mammogram showing normal breast in the left and a breast cancer in the right

EXAMINATION OF BREAST:

It is advised to have a breast examination by a physician for every 3years between the ages of 20 and 40. Women over the age of 40 are advised to have an annual examination. Breast cancer is detected effectively by this technique. The best time to examine is one week after menstruation.

SELF EXAMINATION OF BREAST:

Abnormalities found in the breast or axilla must be reported to physician immediately. But it must be realized that 80% of lumps detected are benign.

MAMMOGRAPHY:

Breast cancer screening technique is in fact cost-effective public health strategy. It is one of the four malignancies for which screening value has been demonstrated in prospective trials.

TREATMENT:

The only treatment for breast cancer is to do a surgery. After surgery radiotherapy is given so as to eliminate the tumours that have escaped the surgery. Various researches have been carried out to treat breast cancer and it is yet to have a solution.

Appearance of the chest after right breast mastectomy

Appearance of the chest after right breast mastectomy

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