Obesity, the term used to describe an individual whose body weight is higher than the highest healthy body weight for their height by 20 percent or more, has several health risks associated with it.
Arthritis: Arthritis is the inflammation or pain in one or more joints. Obesity results in more stress put on the body and this added tension on the bones, muscles and joints results in aching, pain and inflammation of joints that causes arthritis.
Depression: The physical and psychological health problems that occur due to obesity increases the risk of developing depression. Depression is a mental health issue related to sad thoughts that stays over a long period of time.
Diabetes: Obesity increases the risk of developing Type II diabetes. Type II diabetes reduces the body’s ability to control blood sugar levels. High blood sugar in the body potentially results in several problems such as blindness, heart disease, stroke and early death.
High Blood Pressure: Overweight individuals or those who are obese have increased risk of high blood pressure. If left untreated, high blood pressure results in heart attack and stroke that are potentially dangerous.
Cancer: Obesity is known to increase the risk of developing certain types of cancers. The risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, uterine cancer, kidney cancer and esophageal cancer gets increased due to unhealthy weight gain.
Gallstones: The risk of developing gallstones increases due to obesity. Gallstones causes pain in the upper right abdomen. Anyone who is obese and wants to avoid developing gallstones should lose weight at a moderate speed. Rapid weight loss, or weight loss greater than a pound a week, increases the risk of developing gallstones.
Heart Problems: Heart problems are common in individuals who are obese. Overweight and obese individuals are at risk of suffering a heart attack.
Pregnancy: Being overweight is not healthy for an expectant mother. The strain felt on an expectant mother’s body from both pregnancy and the extra weight makes childbirth more arduous.
Stroke: Stroke is a type of brain attack and the risk of having a stroke is high in people who are overweight or obese.
Sleep Apnea: Sleep apnea is the condition where an individual snores heavily and periodically stops breathing for short intervals. The condition results in sleepiness throughout the day and increases the risk of heart failure. Overweight people are at risk of developing sleep apnea.
Gout: Gout is a condition that occurs when the level of uric acid in the blood is high. When the uric acid forms a crystal-like substance at the joints, it results in joint problems. Obesity increases the risk of developing gout.
Infertility: Obesity can sometimes result in irregular menstruation in women. This irregularity lowers the chances of becoming pregnant. In some women, the irregular menstruation results in infertility. Infertility is the inability to become pregnant.
Back Pain: Excess body weight puts added strain on the back muscles and spine. The added stress results in lower back pain.