Acne – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Pimples and certain other skin eruptions are hallmark of acne, a chronic condition that mostly affects adolescents and young adults. The most common form is acne vulgaris, which encompasses red blemishes with semisolid centres. The severe case of acne known as cystic acne is that condition where clusters of painful, fluid-filled, reddish painful lumps appear beneath skin’s surface; both can lead to permanent scarring and pitting. Acne can be embarrassing and emotionally difficult especially for youngsters.
- Actually acne occurs when the sebaceous glands at the base of hair follicles of the skin secrete too much of sebum, which is usually released from the pores to keep the skin lubricated and healthy.
- If the sebum that is secreted backs up then it can form hard plugs that block the pores and cause pimples.
- A localized bacterial infection can develop if this oil plugs ruptures beneath the skin’s surface.
- Overproduction of sebum is caused due to hormonal imbalances, a common problem during adolescence, especially in case of boys.
- Acne-producing hormonal disturbances are caused due to menstrual periods or pregnancy in women.
- Various other acne causes includes certain steroids, stress, and friction of clothes against the skin, certain medications and drugs that affect hormone levels.
- In addition to all these heredity may also play a major role.
- Acne isn’t caused by eating chocolate, shellfish, fatty snacks, nuts, drinking colas and other soft drinks.
- However certain doctors and patients say that acne may be caused due to food allergies.
- Pus-filled lesions or hard red bumps on the skin.
- Fluid-filled cysts causing red, inflamed skin.
- Vitamin A – 25000 IU a day with food; reduce dose to 10000 IU a day when healing is noticed or after a month. Use pills or drops. Take with 30mg zinc a day. If pregnant or considering pregnancy, don’t exceed 2500 IU a day.
- Vitamin B6 – 50mg each morning. Long-term high doses (more than 200mg a day) can cause nerve damage.
- Vitamin C – 1000mg twice a day. Reduce dose if diarrhea develops.
- Zinc / Copper – 30mg zinc and 2mg copper a day. Add copper only when using zinc longer than 1 month.
- Flaxseed oil – 1 tbsp (15-20ml) a day with food. Take in the morning.
- Evening primrose oil – 1000mg 3 times a day with food. Can substitute starflower oil.
HAVE YOU HEARD?
Pressing a telephone receiver too hard against your skin can cause acne around your ear or along the side of your chin.